Single-Payer Reform: The Only Way to Fulfill the President’s Pledge of More Coverage, Better Benefits, and Lower Costs

By Steffie Woolhandler, MD, MPH; David U. Himmelstein, MD
Annals of Internal Medicine, Ideas and Opinions, February 21, 2017

Although Republicans’ proposals seem unlikely to achieve President Trump’s triple aim — more coverage, better benefits, and lower costs — single-payer reform could. Such reform would replace the current welter of insurance plans with a single, public plan covering everyone for all medically necessary care — in essence, an expanded and upgraded version of the traditional Medicare program.

Savings Available to Expand and Improve Coverage Under Single-Payer Reform, 2017

$ (billion)

220.0 – Insurance overhead and administration of public programs
149.3 – Hospital administration and billing
75.3 – Physicians’ office administration and billing
503.6 – Total administration

113.2 – Outpatient prescription drugs

616.8 – Total administration plus outpatient prescription drugs

This morning (Feb 21) AIM decided to allow free access to this article:…


Single-payer reform is ‘the only way to fulfill the president’s pledge’ on health care: Annals of Internal Medicine commentary; Researchers estimate administrative savings at $504 billion annually

Physicians for a National Health Program, Press Release, February 21, 2017

Proposals floated by Republican leaders won’t achieve President Trump’s campaign promises of more coverage, better benefits, and lower costs, but a single-payer reform would, according to a commentary published today [Tuesday, Feb. 21] in Annals of Internal Medicine, one of the nation’s most prestigious and widely cited medical journals.

Republicans promised to repeal the Affordable Care Act on the first day of the Trump presidency. But the health reform effort has stalled because Republicans in Congress have been unable to come up with a better replacement and fear a backlash against plans that would deprive millions of coverage and raise deductibles.

In today’s Annals commentary, longtime health policy experts Drs. Steffie Woolhandler and David Himmelstein warn that the proposals by Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., and Secretary of HHS Tom Price would slash Medicaid spending for the poor, shift the ACA’s subsidies from the near-poor to wealthier Americans, and replace Medicare with a voucher program, even as they would cut Medicare’s funding and raise the program’s eligibility age.

Woolhandler and Himmelstein review evidence that, in contrast, single-payer reform could provide comprehensive first-dollar coverage to all Americans within the current budgetary envelope because of vast savings on health care bureaucracy and profits. The authors estimate that a streamlined, publicly financed single-payer program would save $504 billion annually on health care paperwork and profits, including $220 billion on insurance overhead, $150 billion in hospital billing and administration and $75 billion doctors’ billing and paperwork. They estimate that an additional $113 billion could be saved each year by hard bargaining with drug companies over prices. A table in the paper summarizes these savings.

The savings would cover the cost of expanding insurance to the 26 million who remain uninsured despite the ACA, as well as “plugging the gaps in existing coverage – abolishing copayments and deductibles, covering such services as dental and long-term care that many policies exclude.”

The lead author of the commentary, Dr. Steffie Woolhandler, is an internist, distinguished professor of public health and health policy at CUNY’s Hunter College, and lecturer in medicine at Harvard Medical School. She said: “We’re wasting hundreds of billions of health care dollars on insurance paperwork and profits. Private insurers take more than 12 cents of every premium dollar for their overhead and profit, as compared to just over 2 cents in Medicare. Meanwhile, 26 million are still uninsured and millions more with coverage can’t afford care. It’s time we make our health care system cater to patients instead of bending over backward to help insurance companies.”

Dr. David Himmelstein, the senior author, is a primary care doctor and, like Woolhander, a distinguished professor at CUNY’s Hunter College and lecturer at Harvard Medical School. He noted: “We urgently need reform that moves forward from the ACA, but the Price and Ryan plans would replace Obamacare with something much worse. Polls show that most Americans – including most people who want the ACA repealed, and even a strong minority of Republicans – want single-payer reform. And doctors are crying out for such reform. The Annals of Internal Medicine is one of the most respected and traditional medical journals. Their willingness to publish a call for single payer signals that it’s a mainstream idea in our profession.”

The Annals of Internal Medicine is the flagship journal of the American College of Physicians (ACP), the nation’s largest medical specialty organization with 148,000 internal medicine physicians (internists), related subspecialists, and medical students. In 2007, the Annals published a lengthy policy article in which the ACP said a single-payer system was one pathway to achieving universal coverage. In early 2008, the journal published a study showing 59 percent of U.S. physicians support “government legislation to establish national health insurance,” a leap of 10 percentage points from five years before.

Today’s commentary is believed to be the first full-length call for single payer, or national health insurance, that the journal has published in its 90-year history.…

There are two reasons why this article from the Annals of Internal Medicine is so important.

As the Democrats proved with ACA and the Republicans are now learning by coming up essentially empty handed in their search for reform that would meet President Trump’s goal of more coverage, better benefits, and lower costs, building on our fragmented multi-payer system cannot possibly meet these goals. This article explains why the Republicans, working with the Democrats, need to turn to the single payer model if they wish to achieve President Trump’s admirable goals (“insurance for everybody… much less expensive and much better,” Washington Post, January 15, 2017). With the reform process currently taking place, this article could not be more timely.

The other reason this is important is that it represents an acknowledgement of the editors of the Annals of Internal Medicine – a publication of the American College of Physicians – that single payer needs to be a prominent part of the national dialogue on reform. In fact, today (Feb 21) the article was featured as a banner headline on the opening page of the journal’s website. Those who read the major medical journals regularly understand what a breakthrough this is.

Today is the day. The time has come to steamroller all of the other vacuous policy proposals on health care reform and mount the flag of health care justice for all in America. Begin by distributing widely the article, “Single-Payer Reform: The Only Way to Fulfill the President’s Pledge of More Coverage, Better Benefits, and Lower Costs,” (link above).