How the High Cost of Medical Care Is Affecting Americans
By Elisabeth Rosenthal
The New York Times, December 18, 2014
The Times designed a questionnaire with CBS News and conducted a national poll this month.
Americans are eager for relief.
There seems to be widespread agreement that medical prices are burdensome for American patients, and new solutions are needed. But will the answer be a market-based approach involving greater price transparency? More regulation, focusing on price? A government-sponsored single-payer health system, like that in Canada? Or allowing younger people to join Medicare, the popular health insurance program for seniors? Many readers surprised me by saying they could not wait to turn 65. As one reader from Texas said: “I bought medicine in Mexico for 23 years before I became eligible for the promised land of Medicare.”
Would you favor or oppose a government-administered health insurance plan — something like the Medicare coverage that people 65 and older get — that would compete with private health insurance plans?
8% No opinion
Would you favor or oppose a single-payer health care system, in which all Americans would get their health insurance from one government plan that is financed by taxes?
7% No opinion
By Don McCanne, MD
During the health care reform debate there was considerable support for a “public option” – providing individuals an option of choosing a Medicare-like program, administered by the government, that would compete with the private health plans. During the legislative process it received much publicity, but it was eventually eliminated from consideration under pressure from the insurance industry that did not want any competition from the government. A vote on a single payer proposal also was promised by the Democratic leadership in the House, but eventually the opportunity for that vote was traded away in politics as usual.
We still hear calls for a public option that many contend would address the high costs of health care, though few seem to understand that it would hardly have any impact on costs since it would be only one more player in our dysfunctional multi-payer financing system. But we also hear calls for a single payer system – an improved Medicare for all – that actually would slow spending while meeting other important goals such as universality and equity.
How are these messages resonating with the public? The competitive public option concept is supported by 59% of those polled, whereas the single payer concept is supported by only 43%, with 50% opposed.
Although some might dispute this polling based on the phrasing of the questions or whatever, to me these results seem to suggest a much more serious problem. Instead of the national debate that we should be having – single payer versus our fragmented multi-payer system – the debate is being shifted to our private insurance-dominated multi-payer system versus a multi-payer system with a public option – a Medicare-like program that you can purchase in place of private insurance.
What does that shift in the debate do? Well, first of all, it ensures that single payer will continue to be left off of the table as we move forward. Second, it allows the insurers to exercise damage control by ensuring, through their ownership of Congress, that the public option would be prohibited from gaining an “unfair” competitive advantage against the private insurers. During the reform debate the insurance lobby was successful in selling the concept that the public option had to be removed from the control of government and have restrictions placed on it that would make it worse than the private plans. Just opening that door was still too much for the insurers, and so the concept was tabled. But when it comes back up again, the insurers want to have that debate rather than the single payer debate, and they are ready for it.
Another concern about the public option debate is that the concept is being deliberately conflated with the premium support concept as a means of ensuring that there is strong public support for improving health care value through competition – competition of private health plans, that is. The government would provide support for the insurance premiums through virtual vouchers that would provide an option to purchase various plans through the public exchanges. Thus the insurance industry gets precisely what it wants with the debate being limited to how much damage can be done to the free-standing public option, public in name only, to be sure that it does not unfairly compete with the private insurers (inadequate funding of reserves, prohibition of “advertising,” increasing adverse selection through the requirement of being the safety-net insurer, requirement to maximize cost sharing, requirement of using ultra-narrow networks, etc.).
Maybe some of this is a stretch, but we really have to be concerned when the perception of the public at large is that we don’t want a single payer system but we do want a government plan that competes with private insurers. The issues are complex. We have a lot of work to do to educate the nation on the true facts behind reform options. As far as messaging is concerned, right now the single payer opponents can dismiss our model with just one word: competition. Now just try to find one word or phrase that explains why single payer is vastly superior to private plans competing in the marketplace.